Symmetry in Computational Complexity (CoCoSym)
Project funded by the European Research Council (ERC) as an ERC Consolidator Grant (ERC CoG), No. 771005
Principal investigator: Libor Barto
Postdocs:
PhD students:
 Diego Battistelli since 1 Oct 2018
 Kristina Asimi since 1 Dec 2018
Host institution: Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Department: Department of Algebra, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Dates: 1 Feb 2018  31 Jan 2023
Openings: I have a postdoc position available, starting around Sep 2020 (see ad below)
Papers
 M. Bodirsky, A. Mottet, M. Olšák, J. Opršal, M. Pinsker, R. Willard, Topology is relevant (in a dichotomy conjecture for infinitedomain constraint satisfaction problems), accepted to LICS 2019
 L. Barto, Promises make finite (constraint satisfaction) problems infinitary, accepted to LICS 2019
[preprint]
 L. Barto, Accessible set endofunctors are universal, accepted to CMUC
[preprint]
 L. Barto, M. Pinsker, Topology is irrelevant (in the infinite domain dichotomy conjecture for constraint satisfaction problems), submitted
[preprint]
 A. Mottet, K. Quaas, The containment problem for Unambiguous Register Automata,
accepted to STACS'19
Conferences
 Jun 2528 2019: D. Battistelli Second Algebra Week, Siena, Italy.
 Jun 2427 2019: L. Barto, A. Mottet LICS 2019, Vancouver, Canada.
 L. Barto: Promises Make Finite (Constraint Satisfaction) Problems Infinitary [Slides]
 A. Mottet: Topology is relevant (in a dichotomy conjecture for infinitedomain CSPs) [Slides]
 Jun 2123 2019: K. Asimi, D. Battistelli, D. Zhuk AAA98, Dresden, Germany.
 D. Zhuk, The complexity of the Quantified Constraint Satisfaction Problem on a 3element set
[Slides]
 Jun 1721 2019, L. Barto, tutorial Constraint Satisfaction Problems at Caleidoscope : Complexity as a Kaleidoscope, Paris, France.
[Slides, part I]
[Slides, part II]
 Jun 911 2019: K. Asimi, A. Mottet, D. Zhuk Russian Workshop on Complexity and Model Theory, Moscow, Russia.
 D. Zhuk, The complexity of the Quantified Constraint Satisfaction Problem on a 3element set
[Slides]
 May 10 2019: L. Barto, invited talk Algebraic theory of promise constraint satisfaction problems at Prague Gathering of Logicians 2019, Prague, Czechia.
[Slides]
 Mar 1316 2019: A. Mottet, talk The containment problem for
unambiguous register automata at STACS 2019, Berlin, Germany.
[Slides]
 Mar 13 2019: K. Asimi, L. Barto, D. Battistelli, A. Mottet, D. Zhuk AAA97, Vienna, Austria.
 L. Barto, A loop lemma for nonidempotent cores [Slides]
 A. Mottet, Topology is relevant [Slides]
 D. Zhuk, An exponential lower bound on the size of primitive positive definition [Slides]

Oct 1723 23 2018: A. Mottet, invitational workshop
Unifying themes in Ramsey theory, Banff, Canada

Sep 27 2018: L. Barto, member of the organizing quadrumvirate,
[56th Summer School on Algebra and Ordered Sets], Spindleruv Mlyn, Czechia.

Jun 48 2018: L. Barto, talk at invitational workshop Cyclic operations in promise constraint satisfaction problems at Dagstuhl workshop
The Constraint Satisfaction Problem: Complexity and Approximability,
Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany.
[Slides]

Jun 13 2018: L. Barto, invited talk Height one identities at
96. Arbeitstagung Allgemeine Algebra, Darmstadt, Germany.
[Slides]
Visitors
 Jul 712 2019: Andrei Krokhin and Jakub Opršal
 Mar 37 2019: Jakub Opršal
 Mar 38 2019: Andrei Krokhin
 Jan 28  Feb 1 2019: Marcin Kozik
 Dec 1722 2018: Marcin Kozik
 Oct 1526 2018: Marcin Kozik
 Mar 26 Apr 6 2018: Andrei Krokhin
Visits
 Jun 1721 2019: A. Mottet meeting J. Opršal and B. Martin at TU Dresden
 May 611 2018: L. Barto visiting Andrei Krokhin at Durham University
 Feb 23  Mar 5 2018: L. Barto visiting Marcin Kozik at Jagiellonian University
Abstract
The last 20 years of rapid development in the computationaltheoretic aspects of the fixedlanguage
Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) has been fueled by a connection between the complexity and
a certain concept capturing symmetry of computational problems in this class.
My vision is that this connection will eventually evolve into the organizing principle of computational
complexity and will lead to solutions of fundamental problems such as the Unique Games Conjecture
or even the PversusNP problem. In order to break through the current limits of this algebraic
approach, I will concentrate on specific goals designed to
 discover suitable objects capturing symmetry that reflect the complexity in problem classes, where
such an object is not known yet;
 make the natural ordering of symmetries coarser so that it reflects the complexity more faithfully;
 delineate the borderline between computationally hard and easy problems;
 strengthen characterizations of existing borderlines to increase their usefulness as tools for proving
hardness and designing efficient algorithm; and
 design efficient algorithms based on direct and indirect uses of symmetries.
The specific goals concern the fixedlanguage CSP over finite relational structures and its generalizations to infinite domains (∞CSP) and weighted relations (vCSP), in which the algebraic theory is
highly developed and the limitations are clearly visible.
The approach is based on joining the forces of the universal algebraic methods in finite domains,
modeltheoretical and topological methods in the ∞CSP, and analytical and probabilistic methods in
the vCSP. The starting point is to generalize and improve the Absorption Theory from finite domains.
Call for applications: postdocs
We are looking for a highly motivated and creative postdoctoral researcher to work on the ERC funded project Symmetry in Computational Complexity (CoCoSym) under the supervision of Libor Barto at the Department of Algebra, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague.
The project concerns the complexity and approximability of fixedtemplate constraint satisfaction problems over finite domains and their generalization to infinite domains and weighted relations.
The duration of the position will be between one and three years. The starting day is flexible, applications will be considered until the position is filled. The position carries no teaching load. The position is fully funded from the ERC grant, funding for conference travel is also available.
Applicants should send a CV, a statement of research experience and interests, and a list of publications (that may include a short annotation of at most three of their best papers) in a single PDF file to Libor Barto (libor.barto@mff.cuni.cz). Applicants should also arrange for at least two recommendation letters to be sent directly to the same email address. Informal inquiries are welcome.
